RNN時事英語辞典 | ニュース英語・ビジネス英語専門の英和辞書・和英辞書



Hamas is an Islamist political and militant organization founded in 1987 in Palestine, emerging from the Palestinian branch of the Muslim Brotherhood. The organization operates both politically and militarily, with its military wing known as the Izz ad-Din al-Qassam Brigades conducting attacks against Israel, and its political wing engaging in governance, particularly in Gaza. The overarching goal of Hamas is the liberation of Palestinian territories from Israeli control and the establishment of an Islamic state based on its interpretation of Islamic values.



The immediate trigger for Israel’s invasion of Gaza was a large-scale attack by Hamas on October 7, during which militants killed over 1,200 people and took hostages. This event led Israel to launch Operation Swords of Iron, aimed at dismantling Hamas and securing the release of hostages.



The military conflict between Israel and Hamas has led to severe casualties on both sides, with the majority occurring in the Gaza Strip. According to recent reports, over 30,000 Palestinians have been killed, including more than 10,000 children, reflecting the high civilian impact of the conflict. Additionally, the Gaza Health Ministry has reported that 70,000 people have been injured, and 10,000 are missing under rubble, indicating a humanitarian crisis of significant scale.



The United States, particularly under President Biden, has critiqued Israel’s actions as “over the top,” suggesting a reconsideration of military support. This stance points towards a conditional approach where continued military aid might hinge on Israel improving humanitarian access and reducing civilian casualties.

Moreover, regional dynamics are shifting, with many Middle Eastern countries reassessing their security frameworks in light of the war. The progress towards normalizing relations with Israel has stalled, especially as Arab public opinion solidifies against it.